International Architecture Exhibition
La Biennale di Venezia
Pavilion of Turkey
In light of the current climate crisis, what can architecture contribute towards a new planetary imagination of our contemporary environment beyond environmentalism and technological determinism? Rather than limiting the role of design simply to a solution to the problem of climate change, can we speculate on architecture as a measure through which the environment might be reimagined? Architecture as Measure positions climate change as a cultural and political idea that requires a renewed architectural environmental imagination.
In light of the current climate crisis, what can architecture contribute towards a new planetary

a new planetary imagination of our contemporary environment beyond environmentalism and technological determinism? Rather than limiting the role of design simply to a solution to the problem of climate change, can we speculate on architecture as a measure through which the environment might be imagined? Architecture as Measure positions climate change as a cultural and political idea that requires a renewed architectural environmental imagination.

The Architecture as Measure project defines the planetary as the vast geo-temporal scales through which climate emergency accelerates. But it starts with the provocation that instead of seeing planetary imagination purely as an isolated idea of preserving nature, or as technological management or as visualization, it is important, at this moment, for architecture to consider its potential from within its inner workings. Architecture as Measure proposes that architecture needs to see larger planetary questions and the everyday aspects of its own making as one and the same thing. The planetary is about the here and now; it is embedded in everything we do, and it is waiting for a long-overdue radical change.

Presented through an installation, a website publication, and storytelling, the Architecture as Measure project for the Pavilion of Turkey at the 17th International Architecture Exhibition, la Biennale di Venezia titled How Will We Live Together? focuses on the politics and nuances of the seemingly mundane aspects and sites of architectural construction, juxtaposing them with their respective planetary counterparts through geographies of material extraction, supply chains, maintenance and care in Turkey and beyond.

In the context of climate emergency, Architecture as Measure positions architecture as a measure to provoke an alternative planetary imagination that can help assess our place on Earth and our role in relation to those with whom we live together: as architects with the actors of other disciplines and domains of work, and as a species alongside more-than-human others.

Taking the exhibition curator Neyran Turan’s recently published book Architecture as Measure (New York and Barcelona: Actar Publishers, 2020) as a theoretical preamble, the exhibition speculates on architecture as a measure against which such an imagination might be read.

In 2003, the Pavilion of Turkey was initiated with a temporary exhibition space rented with the support of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey. In 2014, on the initiation of the Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts (İKSV) and with the gracious support of 21 sponsors, Turkey obtained a long-term venue in la Biennale di Venezia. The allotment of 20 years at Sale d’Armi, Arsenale allowed the Pavilion of Turkey to take part for the first time in 2014 in the International Architecture Exhibition.

Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts (İKSV) is a non-profit cultural institution. Since 1973, the Foundation continues its efforts to enrich Istanbul’s cultural and artistic life. İKSV regularly organises the Istanbul Festivals of Music, Film, Theatre and Jazz, the Istanbul Biennial, the Istanbul Design Biennial, Leyla Gencer Voice Competition, autumn film week Filmekimi and realises one-off events throughout the year. The Foundation hosts cultural and artistic events from various disciplines at its performance venue Salon İKSV, located at the Nejat Eczacıbaşı Building, and offers creative events programme for children and youngsters at İKSV Alt Kat.

İKSV organises the Pavilion of Turkey at the International Art and Architecture Exhibitions of la Biennale di Venezia, conducts studies and drafts reports with the aim of contributing to cultural policy development, and supports artistic and cultural production through presenting awards at its festivals, commissioning works, taking part in international and local co-productions and coordinating an artist residency programme at Cité Internationale des Arts in France, as well as the annual Aydın Gün Encouragement, Talât Sait Halman Translation, and Gülriz Sururi-Engin Cezzar Theatre Encouragement Awards.

İKSV is a member of the General Assembly of the Turkish National Commission for UNESCO, since 2018.

The views and opinions expressed in this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or position of İKSV.

Visitor Information

17th International Architecture Exhibition
La Biennale di Venezia, Pavilion of Turkey

Location and Dates

22 May — 21 November 2021
Sale d'Armi, Arsenale

Opening Hours

☺ Open from 10:00 to 18:00

☹ Closed on Mondays, and on 25 May and 23 November.

Neyran Turan

Neyran Turan is an architect and a partner at NEMESTUDIO. She is currently Associate Professor at the University of California-Berkeley. NEMESTUDIO has been recognized with several awards, most recently the 2016 Architectural League New York Prize for Young Architects, multiple citations at the 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016 The Architects' Newspaper Best of Design Awards, Core 77 Design Awards, ACSA Faculty Design Award, and multiple Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts awards. NEMESTUDIO’s work, ranging from installations to buildings and landscapes, has been widely published and exhibited internationally at the Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism, Storefront Art and Architecture Gallery, Architecture and Design Museum in Los Angeles, Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco, Aedes Architecture Forum Gallery in Berlin, SALT in Istanbul, Betts Project in London, Banvard Gallery in Columbus, and Istanbul Design Biennial, among other venues. Neyran's work focuses on alternative forms of environmental imagination and their capacity for new aesthetic and political trajectories within architecture and urbanism. She is the founding chief-editor of the Harvard University Graduate School of Design (GSD) journal New Geographies and was the editor-in-chief of the first two volumes of the journal New Geographies 0 and New Geographies: After Zero. Her recently published book titled Architecture as Measure (ACTAR Publishers, 2020) has been awarded by the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts. Neyran holds a Doctor of Design from Harvard University GSD, Master of Environmental Design from Yale University School of Architecture, and Bachelor of Architecture from Istanbul Technical University.

E. Ece Emanetoğlu
Curatorial Assistant

E. Ece Emanetoğlu is an architectural designer and researcher currently based in Istanbul. She is the co-founder of the recently formed research and design collaborative Side—Works. She received her Post-Professional Master of Architecture degree from Princeton University, where she was a recipient of the Princeton University Fellowship. Prior to her studies in the United States, she received her Bachelor of Architecture from Istanbul Bilgi University in 2016. While at Princeton, she was one of the co-curators for the 2019 Princeton exhibition Too Fast Too Slow: 11 Architectural Moves and was engaged in AWP (Agency for Work and Play), a collective research initiative. She participated in the installation with a model design for the 2018 Liquid La Habana exhibition curated by Beatriz Colomina, Ivan L. Munuera, and Bart-Jan Polman. At the 16th International Architecture Exhibition, la Biennale di Venezia, her undergraduate group project Carapace pavilion was selected to be exhibited by Istanbul Bilgi University. Ece has previously worked in New York and Tokyo with Hiroshi Nakamura and NAP Architects on projects at various scales from a treehouse to a modern art museum in Japan.

Melis Uğurlu
Curatorial Assistant

Melis Uğurlu is an architectural designer, writer, and editor. She is currently based in London, where she runs her own architecture and design studio. She is the co-founder of the recently formed research and design collaborative Side—Works and the deputy editor at Godshot magazine, an annual print publication with a focus on design and philosophy. Melis received her Bachelor of Architecture degree from Rice University and has previously worked as an architectural designer and research assistant at NEMESTUDIO, Rogers Partners, and Kyle May, Architect. She was an editor at the New York based journal CLOG and an editor-in-chief at PLAT Journal. Her work and writings have been published in XXI Magazine, PLAT, and Archinect, among others. Melis is originally from Istanbul, Turkey.

Betsy Clifton
Curatorial Assistant

Betsy Clifton is an architectural and graphic designer working in New York and Berlin. She holds a Master of Architecture from the University of California, Berkeley and a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the School of Visual Arts, New York. She has recently collaborated with Sam Chermayeff Office, James Wines of SITE architects, and Norman Kelley on international exhibitions and housing projects. In 2018, together with architect Sam Chermayeff and artist Jean-Pascal Flavien, she founded "A Weak Office", a subversive architectural office. Betsy has designed over twenty published books for clients in architecture, theory, art, and music. She has been an invited architectural critic at Columbia University GSAPP, University of Pennsylvania, the Architectural Association, among others. 

Samet Mor
Curatorial Assistant

Samet Mor is an architect and researcher. He received his Bachelor of Architecture degree from the Middle East Technical University in Ankara and his Master of Architecture from Istanbul Bilgi University. As a lecturer, he teaches architectural history courses and design studios in various universities. He is also one of the founders of an academic research initiative which conducts surveys on architecture in Istanbul. His writings are published in many academic journals, magazines and books. Samet has received several academic and professional awards in national and international competitions. During his education and afterwards, he worked in multiple architectural firms in Turkey. Today, in addition to being a practicing architect, he continues his research studies as a Ph.D. candidate in Istanbul Technical University.

Ian Erickson
Editorial Assistant

Ian Erickson is a Master of Architecture candidate and Dean’s Merit Scholar at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. He is the founding editor of Disc., a media and technology publication printed by a83 in NYC. He has previously worked in San Francisco with David Jaehning Architect, NEMESTUDIO, modem, and The Open Workshop. His writing has been published in outlets such as PLAT, POOL, Scroope, Rumor, and Vestoj and his research has been presented at conferences hosted by the UCLA Urban Humanities Initiative and the ACSA. He received a Bachelor of Arts and a Certificate in New Media from UC Berkeley where he was awarded the Departmental Citation in Architecture.

Neyran Turan
Assistant Curators
Betsy Clifton
E. Ece Emanetoğlu
Samet Mor
Melis Uğurlu
Editorial Assistant
Ian Erickson
Visual Identity Design
PALEWORKS—Ozan Akkoyun, Yağmur Ruzgar
Exhibition Design
Web Developer
Kayhan Yalınkılıç
We Exhibit Srl
Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts (İKSV)
Selection Board
Aslı Çiçek
Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
Prof. Dr. Ayşen Savaş
Han Tümertekin
Ertuğ Uçar
Project Consultant
Deniz Ova
Exhibition and Project Coordinator
Selen Erkal
Business Development and Project Coordinator
Duygu Şengünler
Özge Uzunyayla
Director of Communications Group (Media Relations, Corporate Identity and Publications, İKSV Studio, Marketing)
Ayşe Bulutgil
Media Relations
Ayşen Ergene, Neslihan Özata Örnek, Elif Ekinci, Ayşegül Öneren, Derya Bozcuk, Coşku Atalay
Corporate Identity and Publications
Didem Ermiş Sezer, Erim Şerifoğlu, Bahar Helvacıoğlu, Itır Yıldız, Ferhat Balamir, Esra Kılıç, Ayşe Ezgi Yıldız, Sezen Özgür
İKSV Studio
Ebru Gümrükçüoğlu, Kamil Kulaksız
Hayriye Cansu Aşkın, Fatma Meriç Yirmili
Sponsorship Programme
Zeynep Pekgöz, Zeynep Karaman Akça, Merve Peker, Derin Tekin, Aykut Balıkçı
Finance and Administration
Ahmet Balta, Başak Sucu Yıldız, Ahmet Buruk, Deniz Yılmaz, Kadir Altoprak, Özlem Can Yaşar, Alper Şen
Strategic Planning and International Grants
Ezgi Yılmaz
Esra Çankaya
Human Resources
Mustafa Eren Ertekin, Beste Kayacan, Nazlıcan Yılmaz
Information Technologies
Kadir Ayyıldız, Okan Erdem
Thanks to

ADAGP (Société des Auteurs dans les Arts Graphiques et Plastiques), Ross Exo Adams, Yaşar Adnan Adanalı, Laida Aguirre, Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation, Architektur 109 Stuttgart, Artist Right Society, Nurullah Avcı, Sofia Pia Belenky, Erhan Bekar, Sinan Bilge, Mehmet Ali Boran, Mehmet Salih Canbal, Mesut Cangül, Petek Ceyhan, Pei Chu, Cansu Cürgen, Columbia University, The Diplomatic Archives of France - Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Can Elmar Balas, Samir Bhownik, BIMobject, Caitlin Blanchfield, Holly Jean Buck, Ali Cem Budak, Renee Chow, Zeynep Çelik Alexander, Oğuz Cem Çelik, Serpil Çelik, Semih Çelik, Yelda Çelikoğlu, Pınar Çetin, Said Dağtaş, Aslıhan Demirtaş, İbrahim Erdoğan, Bekir Dindar, Selçuk Dursun, Ahmet Eliaçık, Türk Standardları Enstitüsü, Bülent Erdem, Fatma Dicle Ertan, Deniz Genceolu, Gennadius Library at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Getty Research Institute - Los Angeles, Emily Gottreich, Günver Güneş, Yılmaz Güney, Avşar Gürpınar, Nadia Hironaka, Sümer Holding, Jane Hutton, IFEA (Fransız Anadolu Araştırmaları Enstitüsü), Esra Nigar Irmak, Onur İnal, Barış İne, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, Yusuf Kaplan, Sezgin Kara, Sibel Karaca, İlknur Kolay, Tansel Korkmaz, Esma Korkutata, Anja Krämer, Elke Krasny, Bahadır Kurt, Murat Kuruoğlu, Suzanne Lacy, Beka & Lemoine, Levantine Heritage Foundation Archive, Sinan Logie, Farzin Lotfi-Jam, Emanuele Lugli, Clare Lyster, Charlotte Malterre-Barthes, Frédérique Mangin, Sara Marzullo, John McMorrough, Zeina Midanii, Natural History Museum Vienna, Amelyn Ng, Mekanda Adalet Derneği, Shannon Mattern, Michael Osman, Nuri Özbağdatlı, Aysun Özorhan, Jussi Parikka, Ron Rael, Hilary Sample, Murat Alper Parlak, Şengül Pehlivan, Katherina M. Prater, Barış Seyitvan, Ryan Shin, Manuel Shvartzberg Carrió, Maria Smali, Jacqueline Simon, Emine Sönmez, Mete Sönmez, Matthew Suib, Murat Sunar, Aynur Şen, Serkan Taycan, T.C. Atatürk Kültür, Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, T.C. Cumhurbaşkanlığı, T.C. Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanlığı, T.C. Fırat Kalkınma Ajansı, T.C. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı, T.C. Milli Saraylar İdaresi Başkanlığı, T.C. Orman Genel Müdürlüğü, T.C. Yalova Belediyesi, Konstantinos Thanasakis, TMMOB Mimarlar Odası, Topkapı Sarayı Yazma ve Matbu Eserler Kütüphanesi, Frédérique Aït-Touati, Emre Ramazan Tudan, Cansu Türk, Sinan Tütüncü, Mehmet Uğurlu, Umut İnşaat, UNDP (Birlemiş Milletler Kalkınma Programı) Türkiye, UNESCO Türkiye Milli Komisyonu, University of Southern California, U.S. Library of Congress - African and Middle East Division, Geography and Map Division, and Prints and Photographs Division, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Brittany Utting, Faik Uyanık, Weissenhofmuseum im Haus Le Corbusier, Yalova Municipality, Selin Yazıcı, Muzaffer Yıldırım


The Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts would like to thank the following individuals and institutions for their contribution towards securing a long-term venue for the Pavilion of Turkey for the period 2014-2034.


Acknowledging their kind contributions towards the realisation of the project.

Department of Architecture at the College of Environmental Design,
University of California, Berkeley

Center for Middle Eastern Studies at the University of California, Berkeley